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━━━ ESG Parameters and Sustainability.
ESG Parameters and Sustainability
For SFS, an investment becomes sustainable only if it also takes into analysis the ESG components: ENVIRONMENT, SOCIETY , and GOVERNANCE; these factors do not travel on three parallel tracks, but interface with each other. Indeed, sustainable and responsible investment is succinctly defined as a medium- to long-term oriented investment strategy that, in evaluating companies and institutions, integrates financial analysis with environmental, social and good governance analysis in order to create value for the investor and for society as a whole.
The Brownfield is a brownfield, unused or underused area where expansion or rehabilitation operations are hampered by the presence of environmental pollution or obsolete construction.
The redevelopment of a Brownfield has an inherent “S” and “G” value: it wants to restore a new function to an urban fabric that has lost its value over the years and has been eroded by decay. Example are old brownfields, old railroad yards, old abandoned housing or ecological monsters built but never completed.
The Greenfield, on the other hand, is all that has ever been land, which nature has “created” and which man has, limitedly, modified, if not even left in its original state.
ENVIRONMENTAL CERTIFICATIONS AND GREEN BUILDING
Any building can compete to become a Green Building, and to do so for its entire life cycle, from design to construction, during its occupancy to its decommissioning.
There are many sustainability-oriented protocols, recognizing performance in key areas, such as energy and water conservation, reduction of CO2 emissions, improvement of the ecological quality of interiors, materials and resources used, land consumption to the well-being of those living those spaces.
These worldwide standards also are available to anyone who is sensitive to the issue, be they public agencies, industrial, residential and research realities.
This enhances and quantifies the “green” characteristics of developments, giving them significant added value and facilitating comparison in the real estate scenario.
The goals set by the European Community of zero carbon emissions by 2050, (carbon neutrality), particularly involve the construction sector, which is responsible for about 39 percent of global emissions. This led to the desire to break into the industry by placing a central focus on issues of emission mitigation and offsets through the use of assessment methodologies, materials research, and the use of energy from renewable sources.
AND LCA ANALYSIS.
The methodology Life Cycle Assessment (life cycle assessment) allows the quantification of potential environmental impacts due to the life cycle of products or processes. The introduction of this methodology in the construction field makes it possible to estimate the load that a building will generate on the environment and to guide current and future design choices. Its dialogue with BIM methodology will also enable reliable and efficient assessments. Together with it, it will be possible to carry out a life cycle costing (LCC) assessment that can return quantitative data in terms of costs related to the life cycle of buildings in order to determine the most cost-effective choices. The decision to introduce such assessments allows it to fit into a context of strong change, in which the Life Cycle Thinking methodology, aims to study not only the item made but its impact in economic and social terms throughout its life cycle phase (Environmental and Social).