Landscape Design: a definition
Landscape design is a discipline that involves the planning, design and management of open spaces to create urban and rural environments, architecturally and urbanistically.
It can be implemented anywhere from cities to blighted areas to industrial plants, being inspired by any natural element.
When people talk about landscape design they mistakenly think of the desire to create an outdoor environment that is only aesthetically pleasing, but the underlying principles are much more complex.
Defining proper landscape architecture means being aware of the natural value of the place where one is working, its history and socio-cultural aspects, and making choices that are aimed at enhancing, restoring or creating spaces that can bring the site back to its pre-existing natural condition.
Why design green?
n interventions with a high landscape and natural impact, such as those for the construction of logistic settlements, landscape design plays a key role in environmental and visual mitigation and compensation, as well as protection against sensitive environmental receptors in the area. The landscape thus contributes to optimizing the insertion of the property into the land and environment and rebalancing any induced imbalances on the environment.
Appropriate landscape design is synergistically influenced by numerous ESG aspects identifiable in three macro-categories:
1) The design of greenery and related connections (Green).
2) The management of the volume of runoff water (Runoff).
3) The creation of outdoor social gathering spaces (Social)”
Because the preservation and maintenance of the significant or characteristic aspects of a landscape require actions aimed in a sustainable development perspective to ensure the governance of the landscape in order to guide and harmonize its transformations caused by social, economic and environmental development processes.
Planning, as well as designing, a landscape indicates the strongly forward-looking actions aimed at enhancing, restoring, or creating landscapes, and result in:
The landscape performs important functions of general interest on the cultural, ecological, environmental, and social levels and is a favorable resource for economic activity, and if safeguarded, managed and planned properly, can contribute to job creation.
Realizing that the landscape cooperates in the elaboration of local cultures and is also a fundamental component of Europe’s cultural and natural heritage, it follows that it thus contributes to the well-being and satisfaction of human beings.
Landscape is everywhere an important element of people’s quality of life: in urban areas and in the countryside, in degraded territories, as in those of great quality, in areas considered exceptional, as in those of everyday life.
Thus, the desire is to establish a new tool dedicated exclusively to the preservation, management and planning of all European landscapes: Landscape Design*.
*From the EUROPEAN LANDSCAPE CONVENTION – Florence October 20, 2000.